Excerpt for a message at Durham Friends Meeting on July 1, 2018
Quakers often talk about Quaker Values in terms of ‘testimonies’ many of us remember with this mnemonic SPICES: Simplicity, Peace, Integrity, Community, Equality and Stewardship.
Where did the SPICES list come from? That’s a complicated story, probably one for another day. Let’s just note this: you won’t find this list or anything like it in any Yearly Meeting’s Faith and Practice before about WWII. The SPICES list is of relatively recent origin. Nevertheless, this list of Quaker Values has come to define us – or we have slipped into letting them define us.
We say, “Let Your Life Speak.” That’s a Quaker phrase I like. By it, we mean our beliefs should be active, not inert. We should live out our values, even when it is difficult – like the difficult week or year we’re having now. These Quaker Values, these Testimonies, are orientations to action.
So where did the SPICES list come from? I like to think of it this way.
Quakers believe that God speaks to each and every one of us — if we’ll still ourselves to listen. We believe there is ‘that of God’ in each and every one of us — that allows us to hear God. And thus,
- If there is that of God in each and every one of us, then we are all fundamentally equal. No one will be better than another.
- We are all called to community, because we hear what God is saying better in community.
- We are called to be peaceable one with another because all lives are sacred – all having that of God within.
- We are all called to be truthtellers and people of integrity because we carry God’s sacred hopes within us.
- And we are called to stewardship of the earth because that too is a gift from God.
And so we have SPICES list: Simplicity, Peace, Integrity, Community, Equality, Stewardship. It’s a good shorthand list – perhaps a Quaker rosary.
But — here’s the but. Are these values our values in the sense that we own them, or have a special claim on them – a claim that others don’t? Are they especially ours? Are they our brand? Is that why we call them ‘Quaker Values?’
Are these our Spices, and other people use different flavorings? Do these values make us special? Set us apart? Do they make us better? (Heaven forbid!)
If we are to let our life speak, do we think that other people’s lives should speak in different ways – upholding war or selfishness or deceit or waste? How do we expect to persuade anyone of anything if we few think we have a corner on goodness, because ours are ‘Quaker Values?’
Or are these values for everyone?
Are these values for everyone because they speak to something fundamentally right about being human, about living a good life? Some would add: Are these values for everyone who is listening to God?
Aren’t these the values of the Sermon on the Mount?
Put another way, do Quakers hold these values because they are Quaker, or do we hold them because they are the right values – right for everyone?
If they are right for everyone, and I’m pretty sure they are; if they are right for everyone because these commitments are what God expects of all us, what should we call them? Not “Quaker values,” I think.
One more question. If we should not call these Quaker values, if we shouldn’t think that these values are what makes us distinctive, what does make us distinctive?